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Cottage Industry:

A small and often informally organized industry whose labor force consists of family units or individuals working at home with their own equipment.

In Pakistan Banarsi fabric making is typically carried out as a home industry in one of the most diminutive vicinity of Karachi, Orangi Town, a lower class settlement. The town which established in 1964 when the original innovative weavers and their families settled with their congenital command over the making of Banarsi fabric as proficient artificer. Now presently these dedicated artisans practice their traditional business, weave the fabric and supply to an ever growing yet selective market in Karachi. The dauntless and enterprising people in this trade have opened their outlets in the Banaras town area, wistful to transform it into big productive sectors with mere hard work.
The reason for picking this topic for the project is to give those diminutive yet creative artisans a chance to show their pre-eminent work to the stakeholders of the country and bring them in lime light conjuring for their missing major and essential requirements.
The government of Pakistan has traditionally been benighted of their own country’s skilled potential and economic prospects, so they habitually overlook the fundamental requirements of the derelict weavers of Orangi town in Karachi, who always strive to sustain their trade even in the most pathetic situations of their own economic survival. Even some foreign government has identified their existence and has raised their support for this significant trade in Pakistan.
The fabric produced by the skillful artisans in the Banaras town vary accordingly to quality of the fabric design, use of quality zari to make the finished products a magnificent quality of human imagination and creativity. In every drive of Banaras town there is not only the work of Banarsi fabric manufacturing but there is also a Banarsi cloth market where around 200 shops deals in readymade silk fabrics and also supply the silk products including Banarsi saris throughout the country.


•    Intro: Background History of Banarasi (Origin)

•    Middle: Importance in local & foreign market, types of Banarsi

•   Middle-End: Process like (weaving,printing,dyeing etc) & about workers involved   in it.

•    End: Human-interest element


It is a well-known fact that cottage industries can play a significant role in the development of any economy. As it is observed that this industry does not require too much financing, imported and highly sophisticated technology. In Pakistan there are a lot of things, which we can appreciate; one of which is a Banaras cottage industry of Pakistan and the people who are in this work from many years are also noteworthy. Because of these hard working people this industry compete in foreign markets and acknowledged worldwide. The people in this industry deserve a great applause for their staunch dedication to continue their work and to earn their livelihood no matter what the trails of hardship may be. This documentary would highlight the importance of Banaras cottage industry, which may be an un-noticed small industry for the people of Pakistan and for the rest of the world.

Scope of Work


The Banarsi Fabric Making tradition started from the city of Banaras in India. Banaras is generally believed to be about 3000 years old and it was a commercial and industrial center just as Mohen-jo-Daro in Pakistan almost the same as the city of Varansi or Banaras was. This ancient city was noted for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory and sculpture.

In the most sacred city of Banaras, there thrives an equally pristine tradition. Thousands of weavers are engaged in weaving Banaras fabrics which makes the city of Banaras another name for silk Fabrics. The Banarsi sari in particular, has gained popularity during the legendary Mughal era in which all art was interfused to create a spectrum of aesthetics. Persian Motifs and Indian designs on silk studded with gold and silver remained the hallmark of Mughal auspice. Today Banarsi fabrics are being exported worldwide infatuating millions of women in almost all parts of the globe.

In Pakistan Banarsi fabric making is normally carried out as a home industry in one of the most underdeveloped areas of Karachi, Orangi Town, a lower class settlement.  Banaras Town in Orangi Town that was established in 1964 is the place where the original weavers and their families were first settled with an innate skill of making banarsi fabrics as adept artisans. Today these devoted craftsmen practice their traditional business, weave the fabric and supply to an ever growing yet selective market in Karachi. Some daring and enterprising people in this trade have opened their outlets in the Banaras Town area, craving to make it big with mere hard work and a bit of luck.

Article of about 800 words would be posted on a blogger. Which includes a brief overlook of the news report. Information, which has not been used in the news report but has collected through reici and different ways, would all be added in this article. The information includes these certain things:

Other points would be:

  •  Cultivation of thread
  •  Process of weaving through handloom
  •  Process of weaving through powerloom
  •   Process of Naqsha (graph designing)
  •   Process of dyeing fabric
  •  Process of Polishing


  •       A complete shot of Orangi town ( Banaras town)
  •       A shot of all the processes


  •       Background music from Royalty Loop Music.
  •       Voice Over of a producer.


  • Images will be added in the article around 2 – 4. Every picture shows a different story that supports the writer point.
  • A complete picture of Orangi town’s Banaras town.

Length, Distribution & Media

1.     Target length: 3-4 minute target length on DVD

2.     Distribution: Bahria University Thesis on DVD. Compressed Web version.

3.     Video: MiniDV, digital shots of stills. Edited in FinalCut Pro.

5.     Print: Articles on Blog.

6.     Treatment: Word.


Characters varies from process to process.


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